Archive for July, 2012

Hartland News, The Vermont Tribune, March 28, 1890

Monday, July 16th, 2012

Hartland 3/28/1890

Miss Carrie E. PERRY returned to her school near Boston, last Saturday.

David STEEL is home from Holderness, N. H., on account of sore eyes, caused by la grippe.

The ladies of the Congregational society will give a sugar party at L. A. SHEDD’s, this evening.

Hon. E. M. GOODWIN, who has been ill for a long time, is not expected to recover.

Miss Ida METZ returned to her home in this village, Monday. She has been in Manchester, N. H., with her aunt, the past few weeks.

Mrs. Lucy TEMPLE, a lady 72 years of age, has, in the past six years, woven 3,000 yards of rug carpeting. Who gives a better record?

George A. DUNBAR is in Bellows Falls this week.

Transcribed by Ruth Barton

Footnote:  The item about Mr. Steel’s sore eyes caused by “la grippe” may sound trivial, but it is not.  “La grippe” is a name given to the influenza pandemic that was raging through the US at this time. From an article by the Center for Infectious Disease Research and Policy at the University of Minnesota,

The “Asiatic Flu”, 1889–1890, was first reported in May 1889 in Bukhara, Uzbekistan. By October, it had reached Tomsk and the Caucasus. It rapidly spread west and hit North America in December 1889, South America in February–April 1890, India in February–March 1890, and Australia in March–April 1890. It was purportedly caused by the H2N8 type of flu virus. It had a very high attack and mortality rate. About 1 million people died in this pandemic.

Dr. Joseph Adam Gallup

Wednesday, July 11th, 2012

Joseph Gallup, born in Stonington, Conn. in 1759 was about six years old when his father brought his family to Hartland. The means of his early education is not known but it included a command of good English, some Latin and Greek and the ability to read French. In 1787 he began his study of medicine under a “preceptor”, the method of instruction in this profession prevailing at that time. This supplemented by the required number of lectures qualified him to begin practice when he reached his 21st birthday, the earliest age when such practice could be legal. This practice began in Hartland, Bethel and Woodstock. In May 1792 he became surgeon of the militia.

In Sept. of that year he married Abigail Willard of Hartland, and their first child was born there in 1793. For a better location and a wider field of activity, he moved to Woodstock in 1800. He received the degree of Bachelor of Medicine in 1798, the first to receive a medical degree from Dartmouth. He received the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1814 and the degree of Master of Arts from Middlebury in 1823.

In these years, medical societies were beginning to be formed and a charter was granted to the Vermont Society of Castleton in 1813. Dr. Gallup was elected it’s president for ten successful terms until he refused in 1829. He was already a teacher and writer on medical subjects, being deemed the most prominent man in the profession in New England.

Dr. Gallup was the first in the use of the new vaccination for small pox. Upon the discovery in 1796 of the much greater effectiveness of cow pox in the inoculations for this dread disease, he advertised in the Vermont Journal of Windsor in Jan. of 1803 that he was prepared to vaccinate with cow pox.

Dr. Gallup had long had dreams of a school of medicine and these were brought to fruition by the founding of the Medical College in Woodstock in 1826, of which he was sole owner and supporter during it’s difficult early years. The first session of the Clinical School of Medicine was from March to late May in 1827. Midway in this session Dr Gallup bought a plot of land and erected a building for the purpose of holding lectures in 1828. This fine brick building was the home of the medical school until 1839 when the larger building was erected on College Hill. The original building was remodeled for residential purposes.

A difference of opinion arose between Dr Gallup and two young medics resulting in the resignation of Dr. Gallup. This so stirred the people of Woodstock that a meeting was called. A large gathering on a stormy night in Jan 1834, unanimously passed resolutions commending Dr. Gallup “Resolved that it is the wish of this meeting that Dr. Gallup would continue his efforts and use what means as he may think proper to continue the school and in so doing we will give him our support and influence”. This did not help and Dr. Gallup resigned and severed all connection to the institution.

Save for a few years in Boston, he continued to live in Woodstock, dying there in 1829. He and his wife are buried in the Wyman Cemetery in North Hartland.

–  May Rogers, 1963

Joseph Gallup

Joseph Gallup