Archive for October, 2013

Stone Culverts

Thursday, October 31st, 2013

Culverts are openings beneath roads and railroad lines generally constructed out of stone. They were used where a full fledged bridge was unnecessary.  Culverts originally were built to form a dry, hard surface over small streams. Later on with railroads crisscrossing farm lands animal underpasses were added. Most culverts are below the road surface. Hence, soil was built up over culverts reinforcing their stability and longevity. Culverts did not require maintenance on annual basis as does a bridge. Culverts range from stones slabs laid across a stream to walled and roofed openings.

Near Rockwood farm

Culvert Ellison Rd. beyond Poor Farm Rd. near Rockwood Farm. Photo by Steve Howard.

Large flat stone slabs were laid atop low stones. This allows water flowage underneath and creates a solid firm surface across the stream. Water softened earth on edges of either side of culvert were paved with flat stones.

F. Gilbert Foundry

Thursday, October 31st, 2013

F. GILBERT’s foundry, located on road 56, was established by DARLING & GILBERT in 1862. Mr. DARLING retired in 1866, since which time the business has been conducted by Mr. GILBERT. He employs three men and uses seventy-five tons of iron annually.

The door is stored at the Hartland Historical Society Museum

The door is stored at the Hartland Historical Society Museum